Caldwell and Redistricting
Idaho has one of the fairest redistricting processes in the country. Our redistricting process for the 2020 census is now complete. Here's what redistricting means for Caldwell.
After each census, an independent redistricting commission rebalances our legislative and congressional districts so they have roughly the same number of people. The redistricting commission is newly selected every ten years and consists of six people - three Democrats and three Republicans. The commission needs a two-thirds vote (at least four commissioners) to approve new maps. This guarantees a bi-partisan process for Idaho's redistricting. Statute 72-15 covers the redistricting commission.
The state is divided into 35 legislative districts (for electing State Senators and State Representatives) and 2 congressional districts (for electing US Representatives). Each legislative district elects 1 State Senator and 2 State Representatives every 2 years. Each congressional district elects 1 US Representative every 2 years.
Let me know if you see any errors or you would like me to clarify something.
Caldwell's Legislative District (now District 11)
To balance out the districts evenly, each new legislative district needs to be roughly 52,546 people.
The census shows the population of the City of Caldwell as 59,996. Which means Caldwell is too big to fit into one legislative district.
Caldwell's 2011-2021 district (District 10) had 55,011 people, which means our old legislative district was too big.
Legislative districts are numbered from north to south. Caldwell was District 10, and is now District 11.
The map on the left shows Caldwell's Legislative District 10 from 2011-2021. The map on the right shows Caldwell's new Legislative District 11. The areas in dark red on the east and southwest are no longer in Caldwell's legislative district. The areas in dark green on the south and northeast have been moved into Caldwell's legislative district.
You can look up an address and see which legislative district it is in using this District Lookup App.
The Congressional District that Caldwell is in (still District 1)
To balance out the districts evenly, each new congressional district needs to be roughly 919,553 people.
The congressional district (District 1) that Caldwell was in had 954,891 people, which means our old congressional district was too big.
The changes in the congressional district since 1973 have been slight and have all taken place in Ada County west of Boise. The Wikipedia page for Idaho's congressional districts shows the changes over time.
The map on the left shows Idaho's two congressional districts from 2011-2021. The map on the right shows Idaho's two new congressional districts. The difference is too slight to see on this statewide map. The only change to the district borders is in Ada County, West of Boise.
You can look up an address and see which congressional district it is in using this District Lookup App.